Important city in Bithynia (q.v.) that hosted two ecumenical councils (q.v.), the first in 325 and the seventh in 787. Its stout walls resisted Arab attacks in the eighth century only to fall to the Seljuks (q.v.) in 1081. It was reconquered from sultan (q.v.) Kilic Arslan I by the First Crusade (qq.v.) in 1097 and restored to Byzantine administration. Its greatest historical role was as capital of the Empire of Nicaea (q.v.), which was Byzantium-in-exile from 1208-1261. The Ottomans (q.v.) captured Nicaea in 1331.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Nicaea — or Nikaia (Greek: Νίκαια) may be: The ancient name of several places, including: İznik, Turkey formerly Nicaea capital of the Empire of Nicaea Nice, France Nicaea, Locris, a fortress city of the Locri Epicnemidii Nicaea, Punjab, city in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Nicaea — • Titular see of Bithynia Secunda, situated on Lake Ascanius Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Nicaea     Nicaea     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Nicaea — NICAEA, æ, Gr. Νίκαια, ας, Sangars, eines Flusses in Phrygien, u. der Cybele Tochter. Memnon ap. Phot. p. 383. Sie war von ausnehmender Schönheit, dabey aber eine große Liebhaberinn der Jagd, die sich gern in den Wäldern und zwischen den Gebirgen …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Nicaea — [nī sē′ə] ancient city in Bithynia, NW Asia Minor: site of two church councils: the Nicene Creed was formulated here in A.D. 325 Nicaean adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • NICAEA — I. NICAEA Liguriae oppid. maritimum. Nicia Antonino dicitur, vide ibi, vulgo Nizza. Meminit eius Steph. Νίκαια, πόλις Κελτικὴ, Μαςςαλιωτῶν ἄποικος. Plin. l. 3. c. 5. Nicaea oppidum a Massiliensibus conditum, Ptol. Μαςςαλιωτῶν Νίκαια, Bellanda… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Nicaea — noun 1. an ancient city in Bithynia; founded in the 4th century BC and flourished under the Romans; the Nicene Creed was adopted there in 325 • Derivationally related forms: ↑Nicaean • Instance Hypernyms: ↑city, ↑metropolis, ↑urban center • Part… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Nicaea — or Nice geographical name ancient city of Byzantine Empire; site at modern village of Iznik in NW Turkey in Asia at E end of Iznik Lake • Nicaean adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Nicaea — Nikaia (neugriechisch Nikea) ist der Name einer antiken Stadt in Bithynien, bekannt vor allem durch das 1. Konzil von Nicäa, das heutige İznik einer antiken Stadt in der historischen Landschaft Phthiotis einer Stadt und Gemeinde in der Präfektur… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nicaea — /nuy see euh/, n. an ancient city in NW Asia Minor: Nicene Creed formulated here A.D. 325. * * * Independent principality (1204–61) of the fragmented Byzantine Empire. Founded in 1204 by Theodore I Lascaris, it was the political and cultural… …   Universalium

  • Nicaea — noun /naɪˈsiːə/ An ancient city in Bithynia in Asia Minor, important during Roman and Byzantine times, on the site of modern day İznik, Turkey, to which it gave its name. Famous as the site of in 325 AD, which composed the Nicene Creed …   Wiktionary

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